|11 October 1895 in Orange, NSW.|
|14 May 1918 |
Killed in Action World War I (France)
|Dive Copse British Cemetery, Somme, France.|
|Thomas Sydney Lister (1840-1920)|
|Emily Australia Tom (1856-1938)|
|Railway booking clerk; Soldier.|
There was no conscription in Australia during World War I for overseas service (it was narrowly rejected in a referendum in October 1916), but there was strong community and peer pressure on young men to volunteer. This "encouragement" sometimes took the form of a white feather sent through the mail. Some say that Sid may have received such a feather from a young lady of his acquaintance. Be that as it may, he enlisted on 27 July 1917, at the age of 21 years and nine months, and reached his posting in France on 16 April 1918, in the closing stages of the war. Less than a month later, on 14 May 1918, at the age of 22 years and seven months, the inoffensive railway booking clerk who had attended West Marrickville Public School became one of 60,000 young Australian men sacrificed in the Great War to the requirements of the "Empire" (something like 2.5% of the male population of Australia at that time). This, of course, does not take into account the 150,000 wounded who made it home with shattered bodies and minds.
From the Australian Army Records we glean that:
Private Sidney Harold Lister, Regimental no. 7069, was part of the 21st Reinforcement for the 17th Battalion [Australia was required by the Imperial General Staff to furnish 16,500 fresh troops each month, which was why Prime Minister Billy Hughes was pushing for conscription for overseas service]. He enlisted on 27 July 1917, was passed by the Medical Officer and arrived in camp on 10 August. On 29 August, he signed his Last Will and Testament, leaving
the whole of my Property and Effects to my mother Mrs Emily Australia Lister. On 31 October 1917, Sid was embarked at Sydney on HMAT A14 Euripides, a transport ship requisitioned by the Australian government, fitted out to carry 136 officers, 2204 other ranks and 20 horses. After a voyage of almost two months, he disembarked on 26 December 1917 at Devonport (Plymouth), England. This is where his Lister grandparents had last set foot on English soil on 19 April 1838, nearly 80 years before. The next day he arrived at Fovant, and four months later, on 1 April 1918, was transported to France, marching into
No. 1 Overflow Camp, probably near Le Havre in Normandy, that same day. From here, on 9 April, he marched out to his unit (
Beaumarais??) and was
taken on strength a week later on Tuesday 16 April. He was killed in action four weeks later on Tuesday 14 May.
Effects received from the field on 28 June 1918 by the AIF Kit Store in London were contained in a sealed parcel: Wallet, Photos, Cards, 2 Testaments, Diary, Metal Mirror, Small Religious Book. These items were sent on from Victoria Barracks, Melbourne, and Sid’s mother signed the receipt for them on 20 February 1919. She also signed for
one Memorial Scroll and King’s Message on 8 August 1921. This signature reads
E.A. Lister for T.S. Lister (her husband had died on 8 May 1920), and is accompanied by a note explaining her current address is
Unwin’s Bridge Road, Undercliffe (her daughter Dot’s address).
Sid’s mother completed a form for the Roll of Honour (William Lionel George was also a private in 17th Battalion who returned to Australia on 9 Mar 1919 and died 21 Nov 1979. He was a farmer who enlisted the day after Sid.) and received a Memorial Plaque which she deputed her daughter Dot Crawshaw to collect on 3 January 1923. Finally, on 4 June 1923, she signed for
one Victory Medal in connexion with the late No. 7069 Pte. S.H. Lister, 17th Battn.
The War Diary of the 17th Battalion (Extract 1; Extract 2) sheds no light on Sid's death — he is merely a statistic of the
The story of the Seventeenth Battalion in the Great War 1914-1918, (Sydney: 17th Battalion A.I.F. Association, 1946)]
In Memoriamin SMH 14 May 1919