James Rosier

(1812—1852)



 BORN 1812
 BAPTISED 29 November 1812 privately in Great Ashfield, Suffolk, England.
 DIED 1852 at Eltham, Vic.
 
 FATHER James Rosier (1788-1852)
 MOTHER Sarah Hubbard (1789-1858)
 
 MARRIED Elizabeth Watson (1811-1858) on 4 February 1834 at Langham, Suffolk.
 CHILDREN   James Watson Rosier (1834-1920)
George Rosier (1837-1858)
Thomas Rosier (1839-1858)
Ann(a) Rosier (1840-1896)
Elizabeth Rosier (1843-1910)
John William Rosier (1845-1934)
Harriett Jane Rosier (1851-1929)


Langham Parish register


James Rosier was a clock- and watchmaker, before turning to gunsmithing. (He gave his occupation as “Watchmaker” when enrolling JWR in school in 1845, and when enrolling son George in 1844, and as Gunmaker when enrolling his daughter Ann in school in 1847.)

In the 1841 census, the Rosier family is to be found in Church St., Walsham le Willows, Suffolk. (This is halfway between James’s home town of Lanham and Wattisfield, where Elizabeth came from: about 3 km from each). The 29-year-old James Rosier is described as a “Gun Maker” and there is a 16-year-old apprentice living with the family: one Jeremiah Orams, who is probably the son of Edward Orams of Stowmarket, Ironmonger.

James was described in March 1842 as watchmaker, Pilcroft Street [Bedford], and in 1844 as watchmaker, Castle Lane. James Rosier, gunmaker, Offa Street, listed in 1847 directory. Also described as gunsmith, Offa Street, when his daughter Ann was admitted to school in September 1847. He is listed in Gunmakers of England and Wales as in Offa St, Bedford for years 1846-1848. On 1 September 1849 James Rosier, gunmaker, Offa Street, placed an advertisement in the Bedford Times stating that he had disposed of his business to Henry Adkin.






Suffolk Records Office has in their archives a bastardry order for James Rosier, blacksmith, Langham, and Jemima Finter dated 1832 (FL520/7/39). The original handwritten document in part reads: … the said James Rosier agreed to like and maintain Jemima Finter an illegitimate child of the said James Rosier from the date of this agreement (12/11/1832) by the said payments to be made quarterly — and the said James Rosier agrees to pay the said sum as above mentioned.

The amount in question seems to have been one shilling, and while James Rosier signed, Edward Finter (presumably Jemima's father) marked his name with an X.

Other records of the time indicate that one shilling per week is a likely figure.

From SA records (SAR 1044, 1046 e-62302):

Arrival of the barque Brothers from London 14th Oct 1849
to Port Adelaide 13th Feb 1850 via Plymouth 26 Oct 1849
Vessel details
Name: Brothers
Type: barque
Master: R. Eilly
Weight: 369
Cargo/other cargo: imports
Passenger & crew list includes: Rosier James and wife, 8 children

Ben Thomas comments:

Humphrey Peers is listed as Butcher in High St, Bedford, in both the 1823 and 1844 directories. He arrived in Australia in 1848 and was a good friend of James Rosier back in Bedford, hence their commercial dealings in Australia.

In 1850 James Rosier bought 265 acres of land at Diamond Creek with Humphrey Peers. Peers and Rosier transferred their land to Dr John Blakemore Phipps in the 1850s. A gold rush began in Diamond Creek in 1862 with Phipps closely involved. Unfortunately, James pére died from tuberculosis in 1852 and his wife, Elizabeth, and two sons, Thomas and George (JWR’s brothers) followed soon after in the late 1850s.

It seems James Rosier purchased his 265 acres with money lent from Peers, while Peers acquired his block with money from John Blakemore Phipps, also formerly of Bedford, UK. Upon Rosier's death in 1852, he willed his 265 to Peers, and Peers subsequently transferred his now larger allotment of Portions 1 and 2, Parish of Nillumbik, to Phipps in 1855, receiving back a smaller block of 50 acres as part of the deal. It's likely this was the intent all along; that Phipps was the behind-the-scenes financier, probably due to limitations on how much land one individual could purchase.

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Where do these fit into the family?
Maria Rosier (1841-1932) https://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129321332
William Rosier (1851-1893) https://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39483919
Are they the offspring of James Rosier, convict? https://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2956309






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